ISRO plans groundbreaking 2024 missions to deepen understanding of Earth, Mars, Venus, and the universe, following 2023's exciting milestones.

MOM-2 will launch in 2024, incorporating improved payloads and aerobraking to enhance scientific exploration on Mars. 

ISRO plans to launch XPoSat on January 1, 2024, to study X-ray source dynamics, specifically black holes and neutron stars, using the PSLV-C58 mission for at least five years. 

The US and India collaborate on the Earth observation satellite NISAR. The mission studies and monitors Earth's surface, focusing on natural hazards and global environmental changes.

ISRO plans to conduct the Venus Orbiter Mission, Shukrayaan-1, to study Venus' surface and atmosphere to comprehend its geological and volcanic features.

The Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mk II will launch the Indian meteorological satellite INSAT-3DS in January 2024 for weather monitoring, forecasting, and observation.

ISRO and HAL plan to launch Gaganyaan 1 in January or February 2024, marking a significant step towards India's Human Spaceflight Programme. 

ISRO chief S. Somanath announced that India's solar mission, Aditya L1, will reach Lagrange Point 1 on January 6, enabling it to view the sun without eclipses.