The Lakshadweep archipelago's coral reefs are in a vulnerable state due to climate change and natural calamities. 

Over the past four years, the 35-island archipelago has experienced four significant temperature anomalies and three devastating cyclones, causing extensive coral bleaching and mortality.

Lakshadweep Research Collective, a group of ecologists and marine biologists, has requested the suspension of the draft Lakshadweep Development Authority Regulation of 2021.

Over the past twenty years, coral reefs have experienced a 40% decrease in total area coverage, with the coral cover declining from 51.6% in 1998 to 11% in 2017. 

Climate change is causing thermal stress, coral bleaching, and the spread of infectious diseases, affecting the overall well-being and long-term viability of the reef ecosystem. 

Ocean acidification due to rising carbon dioxide levels is affecting reefs globally, reducing pH and impacting coral growth, while a robust reef fish population aids in coral recovery.

The central government plans to boost tourism in Lakshadweep by developing Agatti Airport and establishing water aerodromes for seaplane operations despite facing challenges.

Experts warn against Lakshadweep's tourism growth, recommending continuous reef monitoring, effective fisheries management, coral transplantation, and responsible tourism practices.

The reefs show no evidence of sewage contamination or oil pollution, but increasing tourism activity may pose a potential concern in the future.