In 2024, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) plans to launch the X-Ray Polarimeter Satellite (XPoSat) in order to look into black holes.

The satellite will be launched from Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota using a Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle rocket.

The mission aims to understand the dynamics of luminous astronomical X-ray sources under extreme conditions.

The spacecraft is equipped with two scientific instruments: POLIX (Polarimeter Instrument in X-rays) and XSPECT (X-ray spectroscopy and timing) payload.

POLIX, created by the Ramam Research Institute (RRI) in Bangalore, is designed for astronomical observations within the 8–30 keV energy range.

XSPECT, the X-ray spectroscopy and timing payload on XPoSat, offers rapid timing and superior spectroscopic resolution in the soft X-ray range.

The mission involves the scrutiny of diverse celestial entities, including X-ray pulsars, black hole binaries, low-magnetic field neutron stars in LMXBs, active galactic nuclei (AGNs), and magnetars.

The countdown to launch India's first X-ray polarimeter satellite (XPoSat) on the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) on January 1, 2024, is underway.